But do adoptees who’ve already experienced the loss of birth parents worry more than other kids about their parents dying?
It all depends. Children who were adopted at an older age, or whose birth parents have died, may have greater concerns. But, in general, a child’s anxiety level is tied to her individual temperament, life experiences, and, most important, how her parents talk about death and dying.
Dealing with Loss
As your children learn about the cycle of life, they may have concerns about your mortality. Here’s how you can address them:
- If your child brings up the topic, listen carefully, and ask questions before commenting. Your child’s concerns may not be what you think they are.
- Find out whether your child’s worries are typical for someone her age, or are somehow related to adoption. Talk with nonadoptive parents to find out whether their kids are having similar concerns, or speak to your child’s teacher (or a counselor) about which issues are age-appropriate.
- Discuss with your child his fears of losing you, and any related emotions he might have. For instance, your child might feel unlucky because he lost parents before, or guilty, if he imagines the adoption (and subsequent loss) to be his fault.
- Help your child make connections. Explain that he may worry more about current losses because of what happened in the past. You might say, “Losses seem to press your buttons; perhaps that’s because you lost your birth parents. Lets talk about what you feel, and what we can do when those hot buttons are pressed.”
- If a loved one dies, support your child’s grief and let him know that you share in it. Take this opportunity to talk with him about death and loss. Listen for adoption-related issues that the death may bring up.
- Encourage activities that help your child express her feelings and handle her loss. Have her write a letter to the person who died, create a memory album, or plant a tree.
- Seek counseling. If your child becomes preoccupied with your dying, or her anxiety is intense, consult a therapist who specializes in child development and adoption.